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Speech and Language disorders

Description of Communication Disorders

Language disorder- the student may demonstrate difficulty understanding instruction and/or in verbal or written expression.

Articulation disorder- the student may have difficulty producing particular speech sounds.

Fluency disorder- the student may have difficulty with the rate or rhythm of speech. He/She may repeat words, phrases, parts of words or sounds in words or may seem to "get stuck" on words or sounds.

Voice disorder- the student may demonstrate a voice difference including hoarseness, nasality, denasality, pitch, or intensity that is inappropriate for his/her age. Voice therapy cannot be recommended without a medical referral to rule out an organic cause of the disorder.

Auditory processing disorder- the student with processing difficulties may be easily distracted and have difficulty staying on task and/or following directions. He/she may be successful in a 1:1 setting but have great difficulty performing well in a group. Such difficulties may be the result of a weakness in auditory discrimination, auditory association, auditory memory, auditory figure ground, auditory closure, sound/symbol association, and/or sound blending.

Pragmatic language disorder- Pragmatic language is frequently referred to as social language. It includes the ability to understand the "unwritten rules" of conversation and the ability to "read" other's nonverbal signals.





Dr. Cheryl Thomas, Superintendent
District Office
247 Main Street
Newfield, NY 14867

Phone: (607) 564-9955
Fax: (607) 564-0055

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